The gospel of Matthew starts with a genealogy of Jesus Christ, tracing His lineage through 42 generations all the way back to Abraham.
Jesus, the son of Abraham
When God called Abraham in Gen 12:1-3, He said to him, “…Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.”
In this statement, God promised that the Messiah, the savior of all the world, would come through Abraham. Salvation would be to the whole world and it would be voluntary in that our response to Christ determines whether we are blessed or cursed.
Jesus, the son of David
In 2 Samuel 7, we are told of David’s desire to build a temple for God. Although this was not God’s will, He was moved by David’s offer and instead promised to build David a house. In 2 Samuel 7:12-16 God says, “And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee: thy throne shall be established forever.”
This was a promise that the Messiah would be one of David’s children.
Jesus, the promised Messiah
By tracing the lineage of Jesus, Matthew 1:1-17 give the first two of many reasons for us to believe that He was indeed the promised Messiah.