The fall of man (Genesis 3:1‐24)

Sometime in the period covered by Genesis 1-2, the angels were created and some of them, lead by Lucifer, rebelled and were thrown out of heaven and onto earth. Chapter 3 narrates the fall of man that was facilitated by Lucifer working through the serpent.

The serpent deceives Adam and his wife into eating the fruits of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil

The serpent came to the woman and asked her whether God had forbidden them from eating fruits from any tree in the garden. From verse 17 it seems that the man and woman had not yet eaten from any of the trees in the garden. The woman replied that God gave them permission to eat from any tree in the garden with the exception of the one in the middle of the garden and if they did they would die.

The serpent said that they would not die if they ate fruit from that tree but rather God knew that their eyes would be open and they would be like God, knowing good and evil. It was true that their eyes would be open (verse 7 says that their eyes were opened) and it was true that they would be like God (verse 22 says that they were like God in that they knew good and evil). What the serpent essentially challenged were the intentions of God. He said that God was afraid.

The woman then looked at the tree and saw that the fruits were good for food, desirable to look at and would give them deep understanding and so she ate the fruit and gave some to her husband and he ate too. Their eyes were opened and they realised that they were naked. They made covering using leaves. Genesis 2:25 says, “And they were both naked, the man and his wife; and they were not ashamed.” They were now ashamed.

Is there something that seems good, which the word of God has forbidden? Does obedience to God put you in a position where you have to forgo things that appear beneficial and good? Do you trust God enough to know that His words are for your present and eternal good?

God confronts man and woman and they are both unrepentant

When the man and his wife heard the sound of God in the garden, they hide from Him amongst the trees. God called out to Adam and Adam replied that they had heard the sound of God walking in the garden and they had hidden because they were fearful due to their nakedness.

God then asked them how they knew they were naked unless they had eaten from the tree that He had instructed to not eat from. Adam told God that it was the woman who had given him the fruit to eat. When God asked the woman why she had done it, she said that she had been lured by the serpent and she ate the fruit.

How do you act when you sin? Do you hide from God by avoiding prayer? Do you try to justify yourself by making excuses? Do you like the psalmist in Psalms 51:1 pray, “Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions“?

The serpent, woman and man are cursed by God.

After the woman blamed the serpent, God does not ask it anything. He turned to the serpent and cursed it taking away its limbs so that it would crawl on its belly and it would eat dirt. God goes on to decree that there would be enmity between the descendant of the snake and the descendant of the woman. The descendant of the woman would hurt the snake in the head and the snake would hurt Him in the heel.

God then cursed the woman so that her childbirth would be sorrowful, she would be rebellious to her husband and he would be tyrannical to her. The woman would no longer be a helper to the man but a competitor and the man would no longer be a loving leader but oppressive.

As for Adam, the earth would be cursed on his account to produce thorns and weeds. God cursed him so that getting the earth to produce anything will be hard work and sorrowful. When planting the garden of Eden the scriptures in Genesis 2:9 says, ” And out of the ground Jehovah God caused to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food. The tree of life also was in the middle of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.” The earth would now by default produce plants that were not of direct benefit to man. For him to get food from the ground he would have to work it.

The curse is still at play today but Jesus Christ brings joy to areas of our lives that were filled with sorrow.

Adam and Eve are driven our of the garden of Eden and the tree of life is kept from human beings

Adam then called his wife Eve since she would be the mother of all the living things.

God made for Adam and his wife tunics from skin and clothed them. Talking to the other members of the trinity, He stated that man now knew good and evil and in order to keep them from eating from the tree of life, He sent them out of the garden of Eden to serve the ground from which they came. After Adam and Eve had been driven out of the garden, God set cherubim and a revolving flaming sword to guard the way to the tree of life.


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