The aim of this passage is to cause us to understand the relationship between God and Israel and the reason for Israel destruction through foreign nations.
The analogy of an unproductive vineyard, where God is the owner and Israel the vineyard (Isa 5:1-7)
God expects us to bear good fruit.
God had a vineyard, which was Israel, on a hill. He prepared the ground, planted high-quality vines, protected them but they produced bad grapes. The people are called to judge between God and the vineyard, whether there was more to be done for the vineyard to produce good grapes. God would remove the vineyard protection, stop tending and prevent rain from falling on it. God expected righteousness and justice from Israel but only found wickedness.
John 15:5-8 I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.
We are expected to bear fruit and it is in our bearing of fruit that God is glorified in the world. However, we can not bear fruit on our own. We need to be immersed and indwelled by Christ. When need to seek His words and obey them. This is the only way to bear fruit.
Considering that life that God has given you, what do you think He expects from you?
Israel would be humbled and God glorified (Isa 5:8-17)
God expects to be glorified in our lives.
God declared great sorrow on those that were building huge houses and accumulating large fields because these houses would be desolate and the fields unproductive. He declared great sorrow on those who were given to drunkenness and reveling but did not pay attention to God’s work. Because of all of these, they people will go to exile and face drought and famine. They would all go to the grave. The people would be humbled and God glorified showing Himself holy in righteous. In the end, Israel would be desolate and strangers will graze their livestock on it.
Galatians 5:19-23 Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.
A consuming desire to accumulate wealth and affluence or living a life of drunkenness and reveling can lead us to a state where we can not glorify God.
What works of God do you see around you now?
Israel would be destroyed by a foreign nation (Isa 5:18-30)
We sin and deserve great wrath when we adopt moral contrary to God’s word.
God also declared great sorrow on those who were unrepentant but dared God to act. He declared great sorrow on those that inverted morality and truth, to those who were wise in their own minds, drunkards, and revelers, and corruptors of justice. They would be destroyed and face God’s unquenchable anger because they despised and rejected the word of God. God would bring foreign nations to Israel that have military discipline and prepared for battle. They are fierce and would bring distress and destruction to the land.
1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
When we feel convicted we typically react in two ways. We either confess our sins and are forgiven or we twist the truth so that we justify ourselves and continue in our sins. Things that are black and white become gray. If this later approach is our choice we will face God’s unquenchable wrath that is described in the book of Revelations.
How do you decide whether something is right or wrong? Good or evil?