How we are able to receive the gift of righteousness (Romans 5:12‐21)

The aim of this passage is to cause us to understand why even though Jesus was the righteous one, we can also receive His righteousness and be justified.

Adam’s sin and punishment was imputed to all men because all men sin (Rom 5:12-14)

Adam’s sinful nature has been transmitted to all human beings.

We deserve to die because we sin. Through the Adam, sin came into the world, death came through sin and because everybody after Adam sinned, death spread to everyone. Everyone, even those who lived before the law was given to Moses by God, did sin. The law exposes sin. This is why death could reign over all men from Adam to the time of Moses even though these people did not commit the same sin as Adam. That is, they did not eat of the forbidden fruit. Adam in some ways resembled the Messiah.

1 John 1:8 If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

Ecclesiastes 7:20 Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.

How does this passage encourage you to confess your sins and repent?

In the same way that Adam’s sin was imputed to all, Jesus’ righteousness is imputed to all who accept it (Rom 5:15-21)

Belief in Jesus Christ is the only remedy for our sinful nature.

They differ in that Adam’s sin brought death, but the free gift of righteousness through Jesus Christ brings the grace of God. And while Adam’s sin brought condemnation, the free gift of righteousness through Jesus Christ, brought justification. In the same way that death was in effect over all of humanity through the actions of one man, the actions of one man, Jesus Christ, brings life to those who receive the free gift of grace. One sin led to condemnation for all men and one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. One man’s disobedience led to many becoming sinners and one man’s obedience makes many righteous. The law was introduced by God to amplify and expose sin and as sin is exposed grace increases. In the same way that sin had power over men through death, grace has power through righteousness and leads to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

John 14:6-7  Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. If you had known me, you would have known my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him.”

How does this passage encourage you to submit all your life to Jesus Christ?

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